What is Zoloft?
Zoloft is the brand name for the antidepressant medication sertraline. This is an antidepressant in a group of drugs called selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs). Zoloft works by affecting chemicals in the brain that may become unbalanced and cause depression, panic, anxiety, or obsessive-compulsive symptoms. This medication is used to treat depression, obsessive-compulsive disorder, panic disorder, anxiety disorders, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD).
Important Information about Zoloft
Tell your Doctor about any other medications you are taking before starting Zoloft. This will help to avoid any adverse effects and drug interactions.
Some patients taking Zoloft have reported experiencing suicidal thoughts. If you experience any worsening in mood or behavior, or suicidal thoughts, contact your Doctor immediately.
Zoloft may be habit forming. Do not increase, decrease doses or take this medication longer than prescribed. Prolonged use of Zoloft may result in a tolerance, dependency and withdrawal syndrome.
Zoloft is often sought out by drug abusers. Keep this medication in a safe place. Do not share Zoloft with others.
Zoloft Side Effects
Along with the desired effects of Zoloft patients may experience side effects. Most commonly patients will experience mild side effects including;
- Acid or sour stomach
- decreased appetite or weight loss
- diarrhea or loose stools
- sleepiness or unusual drowsiness
- stomach or abdominal cramps, gas, or pain
- trouble with sleeping
Other common side effects to zoloft may be more severe and should be brought up to the patients Doctor immediately. These side effects often include;
- Decreased sexual desire or ability
- failure to discharge semen (in men)
- Aggressive reaction
- breast tenderness or enlargement
- dryness of the mouth
- fast talking and excited feelings or actions that are out of control
- fast, pounding, irregular, or slow heartbeat
- inability to sit still
- increase in body movements
- increased sweating
- increased thirst
- lack of energy
- loss of bladder control
- mood or behavior changes
- muscle spasm or jerking of all extremities
- overactive reflexes
- racing heartbeat
- red or purple spots on the skin
- skin rash, hives, or itching
- sudden loss of consciousness
- unusual or sudden body or facial movements or postures
- unusual secretion of milk (in females)
Seek emergency help if you experience any of the following symptoms of Zoloft over dose;
- Actions that are out of control
- change in consciousness
- confusion as to time or place or person
- darkened urine
- decreased awareness or responsiveness
- dizziness or fainting
- holding false beliefs that cannot be changed by fact
- loss of consciousness
- pounding in the ears
- severe sleepiness
- shakiness in the legs, arms, hands, or feet
- trembling or shaking of the hands or feet
- unusual excitement or restlessness
- unusual tiredness or weakness
- unusually fast heartbeat
- unusually large pupils
Zoloft is used to treat depression, obsessive-compulsive disorder, panic disorder, anxiety disorders, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD). It works by affecting chemicals in the brain that may become unbalanced and cause depression, panic, anxiety, or obsessive-compulsive symptoms.
Zoloft is commonly misused for recreational purposes. Those drug abusers take Zoloft to relax their minds and bodies, create a sense or well being and euphoria. The intentional misuse of Zolot can results in a tolerance, dependency and withdrawal syndrome.
Zoloft Dosage and Directions
The recommended initial dose of Zoloft is 25 mg once daily. The dose should be increased to 50 mg once daily after one week. The dose of Zoloft used is determined by the patients individual therapeutic needs. Zoloft doses should not exceed 200 mg/day.