What is Vasopressin?

Vasopression is an anti-diruretic hormone, or man-made hormone,  that is normally secreted by the pituitary gland. It works by acting on the function of the kidney and blood vessels. Vasopressin prevents water loss from the body by reducing urine output and aiding the kidneys in the absorption of water in the body. It also constricts blood vessels and raises the blood pressure.

Vaspressin is prescribed for the treatment of diabetes insipidus that is caused by the lack of the pituitary hormone in the body. Post operative patients may be prescribed Vaspressin to prevent certain conditions of the stomach, it is also used for the same purpose during abdominal x-rays.

 

Vasopressin Side Effects

Common side effects, Less serious

  • mild stomach pain
  • bloating
  • gas
  • dizziness
  • headache
  • Serious side effects
  • slow or uneven heart rate
  • gasping or trouble breathing
  • chest pain or heavy feeling
  • pain spreading to the arm or shoulder
  • nausea
  • sweating
  • general ill feeling
  • tingling or loss of feeling in your hands or feet
  • discoloration or changes in the skin
  • swelling
  • rapid weight gain
  • feeling light-headed or fainting
  • severe nausea or stomach pain

Vasopressin Use

Vaspressin is prescribed for the treatment of diabetes insipidus that is caused by the lack of the pituitary hormone in the body. Post operative patients may be prescribed Vaspressin to prevent certain conditions of the stomach, it is also used for the same purpose during abdominal x-rays.

Vasopression can be used in adult and pediatric patients for the treatment of; Asystole, Ventricular Fibrillation, Ventricular Tachycardia, Diabetes Insipidus, Postoperative Gas Pains, Abdominal Distension Prior to Abdominal X-ray, Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage,  and Esophageal Varices with Bleeding.

 

Vasopressin Dosage and Directions

  • Adults prescribed Vasopression  for Asystole, Ventricular Fibrillation or Ventricular Tachycardia are usually given 40mls intravenously once, that is followed by 20 mL of normal saline used as a flush.
  • Adults prescribed Vasopression for Diabetes Insipidus usually receive 5 units to 10 units intramuscularly or subcutaneously 2 to 4 times a day.
  • Adults prescribed Vasopression for Postoperative Gas Pains usually receive 5 units intramuscularly once. This dose can be doubled or given as frequently as every three to four hours to prevent repeat of the Postoperative Gas Pains.
  • Adults prescribed Vasopression for Abdominal Distension Prior to Abdominal X-ray usually receive 10 units intramuscularly once 2 hours prior to X-ray and once again 30 minutes prior to X-ray.
  • Prediatric patients prescribed Diabetes Insipidus usually receive 2.5 units to 10 units intramuscularly once.asopression for Diabetes Insipidus usually receive 2.5 units to 10 units intramuscularly once. This dose can be repeated two to three times daily.