What is Numorphan?
Numorphan is the brand name for oxymorphone. It is used in the treatment of moderate to severe pain. Numorphan may also be used as an pre-anesthetic aid and to reduce anxiety. It is a narcotic pain reliever that works in the brain and nervous system to reduce pain. Numorphan also can affect other body systems, such as respiratory and circulatory, when taken at higher doses.
Numorphan is considered to be 6-8 times more potent than morphine. It can create euphoric effects which increases its risk of abuse.Under the Federal Controlled Substances Act Numorphan is a Schedule II opioid. Both legal and illegal use of Numorphan puts the user at risk of developing an tolerance, psychological dependence and physical dependence.
Numorphan is a very effective drug when used in the treatment of moderate to severe pain. It is also commonly used as a preanesthetic and to reduce anxiety in patients before surgery. Numorphan decreases anxiety, creates euphoric effects, relaxes the individual mentally and acts as a cough suppressant. It can also cause respiratory depression, constipation and meiosis.
When Numorphan is used correctly it can be every effective, however it is easily abused due to its euphoric effects. Both individuals taking the medication for legitimate medical reasons and those using Numorphan for recreational purposes are at high risk of developing a tolerance, physical and psychological dependency to the drug. When abruptly stopping its use they will experience symptoms of withdrawal that can be uncomfortable, even painful.
Signs of Numorphan Abuse
A person who is abusing Numorphan will intentionally misuse the medication. They will take larger doses of the drug or take it longer than it has been prescribed for. It is not uncommon for people with an Numorphan abuse problem to visit multiple Doctors and pharmacies for prescriptions to this drug. Regular Numorphan abuse results in the individual developing a tolerance, physical and psychological dependency and symptoms of withdrawal when stopping its use. They become overwhelmed by the thoughts and actions of using Numorphan, allowing all areas of their life and health to be affected.
Symptoms of Numorphan Withdrawal
Numorphan withdrawal may begin within 6 to 8 hours after the last dose of the medication is taken. Within 72 hours the symptoms of withdrawal will peak and subside shortly after.
- Muscle spasms
- Kicking movements
- Severe Backaches
- Abdominal pain
Numorphan Addiction Treatment
Numorphan creates intense pain and psychological distress for the addict. This is why the patient is advised to seek medical treatment to be weened off the medication gradually to prevent any severe symptoms of withdrawal. This can be done during an outpatient treatment program or within a residential facility.
It is important for the underlying causes and any co-occurring disorders to be treated to prevent relapse. The patient will be detoxed from the chemicals and toxins related to Numorphan use upon intake, allowing them to overcome the physical dependency they have developed. If the medication is not weened an alternative medication will be given during treatment to ease symptoms of withdrawal and control cravings. The patient will require sessions of cognitive therapy, one-on-one counseling and group counseling to aid them through the psychological recovery from Numorphan addiction.