What is Klonopin?
Klonopin is the brand name for Clonazepam, which is an anti-anxiety medication in the benzodiazepine family that also treats certain types of seizure disorders. It acts by enhancing the effects of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) in the brain. GABA neurotransmitters inhibit brain activity. When there is too much activity in the brain it may lead to anxiety or other psychiatric disorders. Klonopin relaxes the brain activity are relieves the patient. It is used as a very potent anticonvulsant, amnestic, and anxiolytic and muscle relaxant.
Klonopin medication has been associated with an increased risk of suicidal thinking and behavior. If a patient experiences thoughts of suicide they are urged to seek medical treatment immediately.
Klonopin Holds a High Risk of Abuse
Just like other benzodiazepine medications, Klonopin has a high risk of abuse. Patients taking Klonopin long term can easily develop a tolerance to the medication, increasing doses without the Doctors knowledge. This can lead to the patient developing an physical and psychological dependency to the drug. When abruptly stopping its use the patient will experience symptoms of withdrawal. To avoid this medical professionals recommend the patient be gradually weened from the medication.
Also like other benzodiazepine medications, Klonopine is abused for recreational purposes. People without prescriptions to Klonopine will purchase or even steal the medication from others to get high. When taken for non medical purposes Klonopine relaxes the mind and body, producing feelings of euphoria and well being.
Klonopin Medical Drug Use
Klonopin is widely used for the short-term relief of symptoms of anxiety. It is commonly used in the treatment of certain types of seizures, such as; petit mal seizures, akinetic seizures, and myoclonus, as well as Lennox-Gastaut syndrome. It can be used separately or in combination with other medications for medical purposes.
Klonopin is also commonly prescribed for:
- Restless leg syndrome (RLS)
- Chronic fatigue syndrome
- Night terrors
- Tourette syndrome
- Panic attacks
- Rapid eye movement behavior disorder
Recreational Use of Klonopin
Klonopin is commonly used in combination with other drugs for recreational purposes. The user is looking to increase their pleasure, experience feeling of euphoria and well being. Many mistakenly believe the the use of Klonopin is safer than using illicit drugs. The recreational use of Klonopin is putting them at great risk of health complications, even death.
Signs of Klonopin Abuse
People who abuse Klonopin could be doing so as a way of finding relief for a medical condition, increasing their dose without the Doctors OK or continuing its use after the prescription has run out. Others abuse Klonopin for recreational purposes, looking to acheive euphoria. What they both have in common is the users health, life and safety are at risk. Many people who abuse Klonopin quickly loose control, developing a tolerance that is soon followed by an addiction and withdrawal syndrome.
A person who is abusing Klonopin may exhibit some of the following signs:
- Intentional misuse of the medication
- Forging prescriptions
- Visiting multiple Doctors and Pharmacies for prescriptions
- Lack of interest in usual activities
- Problems in personal relationships
- Thoughts and actions consumed by Klonopin use
- Trouble at work or school
- Financial Difficulities
- Legal troubles
- Experiencing symptoms of withdrawal when stopping its use
Symptoms of Klonopin Withdrawal
Symptoms of Klonopin withdrawal often occur within hours of abruptly stopping its use. Often these symptoms of withdrawal will peak in 3 to 4 days and subside within one week. Common symptoms of Klonopin withdrawal include:
- Panic Attacks
- Delirium Tremens
Klonopin Addiction Treatment
Klonopin addiction overwhelms the individual. They are physically and psychologically dependent on the medication and when stopping its use abruptly they are hit with symptoms of withdrawal that sends them back to the drug for comfort. Medical professionals often will encourage patients with Klonopin addiction to seek addiction treatment where they will be weened from the medication and receive psychotherapy as relapse prevention.
Detoxification is an important part of the treatment process for Klonopin addiction. The patient is gradually weened from the medication in a controlled setting, free of temptation. The body is cleansed of the chemicals and toxins related to Klonopin use. If the patient is receiving Klonopin for medical purposes an alternative medication may be prescribed.
Cognitive therapy will help the patient to address the dysfunctional thoughts, behaviors and routines associated with Klonopin use. They will be able to wok through the psychological addiction, any mental or emotional issues they may have and given the opportunity to develop the tools that they will need to prevent relapse and focus on sober living.