Bufotenin is a tryptamine related to the neurotransmitter serotonin. It is a naturally occurring psychedelic, an alkaloid, found in the skin of some species of toads; in mushrooms, higher plants, and mammals.
An Austrian chemist Handovsky at the University of Prague during World War I was the first to isolate bufotenin from the Bufo Toads skin. It was then synthesized in 1936 by Toshio Hoshino.
Bufotenine-containing toad venom has been used as a street drug, a psychedelic, by smoking or orally ingesting Bufo toad venom or dried Bufo skins.There is a rise in the use of Bufotenine as a psychedelic. Commonly young adults will “Lick a Toad and Trip Out” for recreational use. Bufotenin’s psychedelic effects resemble that of LSD and mescaline but develop and disappear more quickly.
It is also ingested orally as a aphrodisiac or a lethal poison in the form of ch’an su. Death occurs by respiratory arrest.
Bufotenine is regulated as a Schedule I drug by the U.S. Drug Enforcement Agency.
Bufotenine has been used only experimentally, to simulate psychotic disease states for the purpose of psychiatric study.
Recreational use of Bufotenin is to produce psychological effects and hallucinations. The use of Bufotenin is common amongst young adults by licking toads or eating plants containg this chemical. The individual will then experience auditory and visual hallucinations. The effects of Bufotenin are known as “tripping”.
Bufotenin Signs and Symptoms
Those abusing Bufotenin will have dilated pupils, increased blood pressure and heart rate, elevated body temperature. They will experience but auditory and visual hallucinations. Bufotenin users may seem as if they are in an alternate universe. The user may experience a dramatic change in mood or behavior. Many Bufotenin users experience a strong spiritual connection.
Regular use of Bufotenin can result in the individual developing a tolerance, requiring larger doses to acheive the desired effects. As the dose increases, along with the frequency of its use, the individual is at risk of developing a physiological dependency to Bufotenin. Those addicted feel as if they can not experience pleasure without the use of Bufotenin, craving its use and hallucinations. When abruptly stopping its use they may experience unpleasant withdrawal symptoms.
Bufotenin Addiction Treatment
When addicted to Bufotenin the individual feels as if they can not experience pleasure without its hallucinogenic effects. When abruptly stopping its use they are overwhelmed by reality and unpleasant symptoms of withdrawal. For most people addicted to Bufotenin they require intense inpatient addiction treatment and psychotherapy. This will help them through their psychological addiction to the drug as well as any underlying causes of their addiction.
Treatment programs for Bufotenin addiction often include;
- Individual Counseling
- Group Counseling
- Family Counseling
- Behavioral Modification Therapy
- Chemical Dependency Education