Definition of Crack Cocaine
Crack cocaine is a freebased form of cocaine that is typically smoked. It is a stimulant drug that directly effects the reward center of the brain, increasing dopamine levels. Crack cocaine is the most addictive form of cocaine due to its short intense high requiring the user to smoke more often and in larger quantities each time to acheive the desired effects. Crack cocaine made its appearance in society in the mid 1980’s and has ruined many lives due to addiction since.
When smoked crack cocaine creates a feeling of euphoria, extreme confidence, alertness and increased energy. After its first use the user will require more crack to acheive these effects, gradually increasing their dose. The user is left craving more as the tolerance is built and a physical dependency sets it. A crack cocaine high only lasts 5- 10 minutes. Once the crack high is gone the dopamine levels in the brain will drop and the user will feel depressed and at a mental low, requiring more crack to experience pleasure.
The Effects of Crack Cocaine On Your Health
Crack cocaine users typically suffer damage to their lungs, this is known as crack lung. This is caused by the crack constricting blood vessels within the lung and preventing oxygen from flowing. Crack lung causes scaring and permanent damage. Nearly every organ in the body is effected by crack cocaine, its prolonged use can cause irreversible damage.
- loss of appetite
- constricted blood vessels
- dilated pupils
- increased temperature
- increased heart rate
- increased blood pressure
- muscle twitches
Crack Cocaine Use
Crack cocaine is a schedule II drug under the Controlled Substances Act in the United States. This means that crack cocaine has a high risk of abuse but also possess medicinal purposes. Crack cocaine is illegal within the United States, the production, sale and use of crack cocaine is punishable of imprisonment. Those using crack cocaine are doing so for recreational purposes, putting their lives at risk as well as allowing themselves to potentially develop a crack cocaine addiction.
Crack Cocaine Addiction
Crack cocaine is the most addictive form of cocaine. The short yet extreme high produced by smoking crack cocaine leaves the user going back for more to cover up the down when the high wears off. Each use of crack cocaine requires a higher dose as the body develops a tolerance immediately. An addiction to crack cocaine can occur rather quickly with its regular use. The user will crave more crack once each high has worn off. When addicted to crack cocaine and its use is stopped abruptly the user will experience withdrawal symptoms that can be painful and overwhelming.
Signs of Crack Cocaine Addiction
- Inability to stop using
- Legal trouble
- Difficulties at work or school
- Strain on personal relationships
- Financial difficulties
Symptoms of Crack Cocaine Withdrawal
Crack Cocaine Addiction Treatment
Entering into an Addiction Treatment Center will increase any crack cocaine addicts chances of recovery. There they will receive the treatment needed to overcome the psychological and physical addiction to the drug. A medical detoxification process will cleanse any traces of crack cocaine from the body while a nonaddictive prescription medication is prescribed to the patient to relieve symptoms of withdrawal and craving. Therapy and counseling will help the patient to relearn good behaviors to avoid what put them into a crack cocaine addiction. They will uncover any underlying causes as well as work through any mental and emotional health issues. Crack cocaine cravings can come back to an addict in recover years down the road, receiving treatment will help the addict to maintain their sobriety through key tools that they will have learned, preventing relapse. Just as with any addiction it will not be easy to recovery but it is possible with the right addiction treatment.