Cannabinoids are a class of chemicals, many of which are found naturally in the cannabis plant. The most well known cannabinoid is the phytocannabinoid tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the primary psychoactive compound of cannabis. Novel synthetic cannabinoids and cannabinoid receptor agonists are sold in herbal smoking blends as cannabis replacements. Cannabinoid receptors activate on cells that repress neurotransmitter release in the brain.
Cannabinoids are typically used for recreational purposes. They can be smoking, vaporizing, oral ingestion, transdermal patch, intravenous injection, sublingual absorption, or rectal suppository. Once in the body, most cannabinoids are metabolized in the liver. The receptors activate on cells that repress neurotransmitter release in the brain, leading to extended intoxication. Psychoactive cannabinoids, such as THC, produce euphoria, enhancement of sensory perception, tachycardia, antinociception, difficulties in concentration and impairment of memory.
Cannabinoids are also used for medical purposes. Many cancer patients are prescribed Cannabiniod medications to increase appetite and decrease nausea. Cannabinoids are also commonly used in patients with glaucoma to reduce interocular pressures.
Cannabinoids Abuse Signs and Symptoms
Prolonged use of Cannabinoids can result in the individual developing a tolerance, requiring larger doses to achieve the desired effects. As the dose increases along with the frequency of its use the individual may develop a physical and psychological dependency to Cannabinoids. When they abruptly stop its use they may experience unpleasant symptoms of withdrawal.
Withdrawal symptoms may include;
Cannabinoids Addiction Treatment
Cannabinoid abusers may find themselves hooked and unable to stop its use. Withdrawal symptoms cause them such discomfort that they quickly return to the use of Cannabinoids for comfort. The relaxing effects and pleasure that comes from Cannabinoids can be hard to acheive without its use when hooked. This is why many addicts require an outpatient or inpatient treatment program to help them to overcome the effects of Cannabinoids, relearn how to experience pleasure and find new ways of dealing with lifes stress.
Each patients needs are different, requiring individualized care. Upon intake into a program the patient will be assessed and an individualized treatment plan will be put in place. This treatment plan will contain a wide array of treatment aspects often including but not limited to;
- Pharmaceutical Therapy
- Individual Counseling
- Group Counseling
- Behavioral Modification Therapy
- Chemical Dependency Education